Oxford students have no time for employment

first_imgLizzie Mundell Perkins, a second year English student at St. Johns, sells tickets at the University church on High Street. She told Cherwell,“I used to work as a waitress and did one ten hour shift a week – it definitely affected my work and made me tired and stressed but I managed to find a job at the University Church. I do one or two shorter shifts but they are very flexible… Obviously it still takes up time but I need the money. My parents are unable to support me financially and the student loan only leaves me with £150 per term after accommodation.“I am managing fine with my academic studies, however, and my I think that the stigma that the university hold against part-time work is completely misplaced. I do sport and music to a university level and still manage to study with a job as well. Working is a great way to get outside of the Oxford bubble and I am proud to support myself financially.”  A number of students are more entrepreneurial, and choose to establish their own businesses. Jamie Ohlmeyer Parker, a third year Classicist at New college, runs a business renting out white tie to students. “I was spending maybe 10-20 hours a week on it last term but there aren’t any balls this term… I treated it as a hobby more than as work… In my view it’s actually pretty easy to earn money while at Oxford if you’re creative about it. As an Oxford undergrad you can charge a minimum of £15-20 per hour for tutoring work for almost any degree and that work might be seasonal (i.e. only before exams) but it’s well paid and if you sweat your assets in the Easter and Christmas holidays I don’t see why you would need to work during term time.”Sophie Lucas, a second year History and Politics student at Univ said, “I want to go into policy research which means doing unpaid internships in the vacations. I’d like to be able to do more paid work but it’s hard to manage with career stuff and academic work and a lot of places want students to commit for longer periods of time than is possible.” A survey conducted by Cherwell has shown that the proportion of students that undertake paid work during term time is significantly lower than the national average. A report conducted by the NUS and Endsleigh Insurance showed that 57% students nationwide have a part-time job alongside their studies, with 90% of these students working as many as 20 hours a week.Comparatively, only 20% of Oxford students surveyed worked during term time and the majority of those completed less than five hours paid work per week on average. Most colleges forbid students from completing paid work outside of the college; however those colleges that have opportunities for paid employment rarely offer more than ten jobs to the whole student body which can consist of 400 people, making competition for work fierce.The proportion of Oxford students who work during the vacation, however, is almost identical to the national average at 56%. Many of those surveyed said that working in the vacations had a negative impact upon their academic performance. An anonymous Exeter student said, “I do English so doing the primary reading in the holidays is pretty key to managing the essays during term. Having to work often means I don’t get this all done as at the end of a 9-5 day I’m pretty knackered and can’t concentrate properly.”A student at Keble also commented, “College don’t make it clear enough what kind of financial support is available for those who need it, meaning that many of us choose to work excessively during the vacations, compromising our academic success.”Official estimations from Oxford University put the cost of living in Oxford for sixth months of the year (the average time undergraduates spend living in the city when accounting for vacations) at between £5,670 and £8,000. This means that students who are not eligible to receive grants or loans above the minimum amount offered by student finance face a shortfall of between £2,000 and £4,350 per annum. A student working on the minimum wage for 18-21 year olds would have to work over 850 hours each year on top of their degree to fill this deficit. This would mean working full time for 22 weeks of the year, giving students one week to devote to studying in each vacation.last_img read more

Who Will Snag a Spot? Broadway.com Predicts Tony Noms for Performances in Plays

first_img Left to Right: Rebecca Hall, Machinal — Hall was riveting as the intense central character of this complicated piece. Nominators will likely remember her fine work. LaTanya Richardson Jackson, A Raisin in the Sun — Stepping in at the last-minute for Diahann Carroll, Jackson brings warmth and humor to the matriarch of the Younger family. Estelle Parsons, The Velocity of Autumn  — An earthy grande dame (if such a thing exists), Parsons is revered by the theater community. She will probably snag a slot. IN THE MIX Left to Right: Bryan Cranston, All the Way — Fresh from Breaking Bad uber-fame, Cranston quickly made this LBJ bio-play a hot ticket. He’s a shoo-in. Ian McKellen, No Man’s Land — McKellen turned in genius performances in this and Waiting for Godot, but his turn as the seedy Spooner will nab him a nom. Tony Shalhoub, Act One — Gliding effortlessly between playing Moss Hart and his writing partner George S. Kaufman, Shalhoub’s idiosyncratic performance is nom-worthy. Stay tuned for more Tony cheat sheets! FRONTRUNNERS Left to Right: Sarah Greene, The Cripple of Inishmaan — As the ultimate Irish mean girl, Greene got to play vicious, fiery comedy with glee. Don’t count her out. Andrea Martin, Act One — Martin played the aunt who inspired Moss Hart to love the theater. Doesn’t that sound like something nominators will think of fondly? Dearbhla Molloy, Outside Mullingar — Molloy’s unsentimental Irish widow deadpanned her way to a lot of laughs and possibly Tony love. BROADWAY.COM SHOUTOUT FRONTRUNNERS Zachary Quinto, The Glass Menagerie — Quinto was deeply affecting as the unreliable narrator of this moving memory play. We hope nominators will remember and give him the nod he deserves. BEST ACTRESS IN A PLAY IN THE MIX BEST FEATURED ACTOR IN A PLAY FRONTRUNNERS ALSO POSSIBLE Toni Collette, The Realistic Jones; Debra Messing, Outside Mullingar; Condola Rashad, Romeo and Juliet; Marisa Tomei, The Realistic Joneses BROADWAY.COM SHOUTOUT BROADWAY.COM SHOUTOUT Rachel Weisz, Betrayal — Trembling, flinching, kissing, drinking…no matter what Weisz was doing on stage, it was compelling. We hope nominators will remember her seductive performance. ALSO POSSIBLE Victoria Clark, The Snow Geese; Jayne Houdyshell, Romeo and Juliet; Mary Elizabeth Mastroantonio, The Winslow Boy; Leighton Meester, Of Mice and Men ALSO POSSIBLE James Franco, Of Mice and Men; Michael C. Hall, The Realistic Joneses, Tracy Letts, The Realistic Joneses, Brian F. O’Byrne, Outside Mullingar; Chris O’Dowd, Of Mice and Men; Daniel Radcliffe, The Cripple of Inishmaan; Roger Rees, The Winslow Boy ALSO POSSIBLE Billy Crudup, No Man’s Land/Waiting for Godot; Brandon J. Dirden, All the Way; Stephen Fry, Twelfth Night; Shuler Hensley, No Man’s Land/Waiting for Godot; Alessandro Nivola, The Winslow Boy; Tom McGowan, Casa Vantina; John McMartin, All the Way; Patrick Page, Casa Valentina; Bobby Steggert, Mothers and Sons Mare Winningham, Casa Valentina — As Rita, the endlessly supportive wife of cross-dresser George, Winningham approaches her character with much warmth and nuance. We hope nominators will recognize her with a nod. Left to Right: Gabriel Ebert, Casa Valentina — As anxious Miranda, Ebert got to show off his range from panicked to giddy to devastated. A nomination for this Tony winner is certainly possible. Peter Maloney, Outside Mullingar — Maloney’s Tony Reilly was both ruthless and tender, and the actor had a moving death scene to boot. He could snag a nom. Jim Norton, Of Mice and Men — As injured ranch handyman Candy, Tony winner Norton made his day-dreaming, suffering character perfectly heart-wrenching. Surely, nominators will keep him in mind. Paul Chahidi, Twelfth Night — Was Maria, Olivia’s lady-in-waiting, always this smirky and fun? Chahidi milked every moment and we lapped it up. Dear nominators, please, please, please remember this priceless performance! Left to Right: Tyne Daly, Mothers and Sons — Daly mines a complicated and arguably cold character for sympathy and humanity. It’s no small feat and nominators will notice. Cherry Jones, The Glass Menagerie — Jones brought nuance and pluck to the towering role of Amanda Wingfield, and she won raves from critics and audiences alike. A nom is definitely hers. Audra McDonald, Lady Day at Emerson’s Bar & Grill — This five-time Tony winner keeps audiences rapt with her fully realized embodiment of Billie Holiday. She’s the Audra McDonald; she’ll be nominated! Left to Right: Reed Birney, Casa Valentina — Nominators are sure to honor Birney’s impeccable take on cross-dresser Charlotte, who crusades for her cause while keeping calm in her Chanel suit. Mark Rylance, Twelfth Night — Rylance had audiences howling at his take on repressed noblewoman Olivia. A nomination seems imminent. Brian J. Smith, The Glass Menagerie — Smith found multiple levels to explore in the role of the Gentleman Caller, and he’s bound to be rewarded with a nomination. BROADWAY.COM SHOUTOUT Left to Right: Celia Keenan-Bolger, The Glass Menagerie — Keenan-Bolger’s thoughtful take on the delicate, shy Laura Wingfield will not be overlooked. Sophie Okonedo, A Raisin in the Sun — As the clear-eyed Ruth, Okonedo brings a weary honesty to her role as a tired but strong wife and mother. Her performance will likely be honored. Anika Noni Rose, A Raisin in the Sun — Tony winner Rose’s youthful exuberance in the role of the uncompromising Beneatha is sure to earn her a place among the nominees. Usually when the Tony nominations are announced, the heads around the table at the Broadway.com offices are bobbing up and down in agreement. In other words, we all know (or think we know) what’s what long before the names are read. That’s not the case this year. The 2013-2014 season left so many acting categories wide open that we are really scratching our heads. So, herewith you’ll find a totally unscientific (possibly dead wrong) stab at a Tony forecast, including frontrunners, hopefuls and a Broadway.com Shout Out to actors we hope the nominators will remember. Read on for our Tony cheat sheet for performances in plays! Left to Right: Denzel Washington, A Raisin in the Sun — Perhaps he’s long in the tooth for the role, but a Tony winner that got the President to see the show can’t be ruled out. Samuel Barnett, Twelfth Night — Barnett wowed critics on both sides of the pond as gender-bending (in more ways than one) heroine Viola. A strong contender. Santino Fontana, Act One — Fontana hits all the highs and lows as aspiring young writer Moss Hart, and he never stops moving while doing it. Definitely in the mix! Mark Rylance, Richard III — A two-time Tony winner reigning over Broadway as a manipulative malcontent with a deformity? Catnip for nominators. Patrick Stewart, Waiting for Godot — It’s hard to imagine nominating McKellen without the other half of the world’s most favorite bromance. How to choose between them? BEST FEATURED ACTRESS IN A PLAY FRONTRUNNERS IN THE MIX IN THE MIX BEST ACTOR IN A PLAY View Commentslast_img read more

Jay Peak restores wetlands ahead of EPA deadline

first_imgThe Jay Peak ski resort has been ordered to restore wetlands and streams that were harmed when the resort discharged dredged and fill material into the waters during construction of its golf course in violation of the federal Clean Water Act. Jay Peak has agreed to the terms of EPA’s order and recently completed all restoration work prior to the order’s October 2010 deadline. The US Environmental Protection Agency last month ordered Jay Peak Resort, Inc to repair the damage done between 2004 and 2006 when it was building its golf course and discharged material without a required permit. According to EPA,the construction company working for Jay Peak Resort placed dirt, sand and rocks into numerous wetlands and streams, affecting a total of 2.15 acres.This case was brought to the attention of EPA by the US Army Corps of Engineers in the spring of 2008. Since then, the Corps and EPA have worked together in pursuing this case.The affected streams on the site flow into Jay Branch Brook, which flows into the Missisiquoi River, and then into Lake Champlain.The resort was ordered to restore the wetlands and streams in order to restore wildlife habitat, sediment trapping, and nutrient removal and transport functions. Wetlands provide valuable habitat for many species of wildlife. They also help to protect the health and safety of people and their communities. They filter and clean water by trapping sediments and removing pollutants, and they provide buffers against floods by storing flood water. Wetlands also store and slowly release water over time, helping to maintain water flow in streams, especially during dry periods.Source: EPA. 10.12.2010last_img read more

Video: Iranian child offers himself to Barcelona as ‘new’ Messi

first_imgArat Hosseini had everyone on social media talking again after posting a video of an expertly executed overhead kick, which he dedicated to Lionel Messi. Promoted Content7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend BetterWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?8 Things To Expect If An Asteroid Hits Our Planet14 Hilarious Comics Made By Women You Need To Follow Right NowEverything You Need To Know About Asteroid Armageddon8 Shows That Went From “Funny” To “Why Am I Watching This”Portuguese Street Artist Creates Hyper-Realistic 3D Graffiti6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemWhat Happens To Your Brain When You Play Too Much Video Games?7 Worst Things To Do To Your Phone Read Also: Video: Ronaldo uses his kids as weights during home workouts Arat’s father, who is himself responsible for training the youth, also wrote about his son’s future ambitions. “He dreams of playing for Barcelona every night,” he said. “He compares himself to Messi and always says he wants to be like Leo when he grows up.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… The young Iranian addressed the Barcelona star before pulling off yet another impressive piece of skill. “Thanks Arat,” Messi responded. “I see a lot of class there. “Awesome. A hug.” The child didn’t take long to thank the Argentinian before adding: “I hope to play for Barca one day”.Advertisementlast_img read more

Last time they played: Wolfpack battles back but No. 1 Syracuse staves off upset bid

first_imgIn its very first game of the season as the No. 1 team in the country, Syracuse had a newly placed target on its back. The Orange jumped ahead by as many as 17 points in the first half, and it appeared North Carolina State had lost sight of that target. But early in the second half, the bull’s-eye must’ve looked massive to the Wolfpack.“I thought the single best thing was that when they made that comeback, our players kept their poise.” SU head coach Jim Boeheim said after the game. “They were really steady, they just kept getting good shots.”It was a game of runs, and fortunately for Syracuse, it ended with one of its own spurts. Sophomore Dion Waiters dropped 22 points off the bench and senior Kris Joseph went for 21 points as the country’s new top-ranked team held off N.C. State, 88-72, in Raleigh, N.C., on Dec. 17, 2011.The Orange pushed its record to 11-0 and prevailed in its first true road test of the year, but it wasn’t easy.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textThe Wolfpack burst out to a 12-4 lead and held an eight-point advantage until the 12:25 mark. And with the score 29-23, Syracuse went to work. A string of 23 unanswered points — including 10 by Waiters and a pair of 3-pointers by James Southerland — put the Orange ahead by 17 and the team went into halftime up 14.“They gave us a lot of difficulty trying to stop them,” N.C. State head coach Mark Gottfried said after the game. “They can score a lot of different ways, because they’re really good at getting to the basket.”In the first 20 minutes, N.C. State failed to match the intensity of the 19,400 fans in the RBC Center with its on-court play. But then the Wolfpack came out of the break reenergized. C.J. Leslie threw down a pair of dunks and hit a jumper to draw within two points. C.J. Williams then hit a short jumper at the 15:27 point to knot the score at 50, and N.C. State had itself a 17-3 run to open the half.“We knew they were going to come back,” Waiters told The Daily Orange after the game. “It’s never over in college basketball, especially in their house.”During the following five minutes, the score was tied twice and SU never led by more than five. N.C. State’s Scott Wood hit a 3 to cut the deficit to two with 8:38 left, but Waiters responded right back with a triple of his own before the Wolfpack’s defense could get set. Williams converted a layup at the other end, but again Syracuse answered with a 3 — this time from Scoop Jardine.On the next possession, Waiters picked off a Williams pass at the top of the key and jammed down the transition dunk. Jardine hit another triple 30 seconds later for an 11-point lead with 6:44 remaining, which punctuated the win.From there, the Orange coasted. When it was all said and done, it was a 25-11 spurt from the 8:38 mark to the final buzzer that allowed Syracuse to defend its new ranking in a hostile environment.“I think we got rattled just a little in the beginning (of the second half),” Waiters said, “because we missed like two or three shots that we would have hit in the first half and then we had two dumb turnovers on my behalf.“So just things like that have to clean up, have to get it back together and get us going again.”–Compiled by Phil D’Abbraccio, asst. copy editor, [email protected], @PhilDAbb Comments Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on February 14, 2014 at 12:36 amlast_img read more

Former Trojan defensive end Everson Griffen arrested near USC

first_imgFormer USC defensive end Everson Griffen was tased and apprehended by LAPD after assaulting an officer at a traffic stop near USC’s campus at around 4 p.m. Monday.Former USC defensive end Everson Griffen was arrested near campus Monday.Police officers were performing a traffic stop at the intersection of 30th and Hoover Streets when they pulled Griffen over. He did not have a valid I.D. on him and became aggressive when questioned by officers, according to an LAPD spokesperson. Griffen attempted to run away and then assaulted one of the officers who was pursuing him. The officers tased Griffen, then arrested him on a charge of felony battery.Griffen, who was selected by the Minnesota Vikings with the 100th overall pick in last April’s NFL Draft, had been on campus earlier in the day to visit coaches and players.As a junior, Griffen recorded 45 tackles for the Trojans before giving up his final season of elgibility to declare for the draft.Monday was not Griffen’s first run-in with the law.On July 4, 2009, Griffen, along with former USC linebacker Jordan Campbell, was cited by the Nantucket Police Department for a noise violation at a party.last_img read more

Giants winning ways end at home against Cardinals

first_imgSAN FRANCISCO — The magic that led to a four-game winning streak on the road for the Giants evaporated Friday night in a 9-4 loss to the St. Louis Cardinals at Oracle Park.The Cardinals started quickly with a pair of tape measure home runs by Jose Martinez (his eighth) and Paul Goldschmidt (his 14th) against Giants starter and loser Drew Pomeranz (2-9). Before the night was over, the Cardinals added on two triples, a double and a ninth-inning home run by Dexter Fowler (his 10th) before a …last_img

3 Case Studies: Solving Server Sprawl with Virtualization

first_imgalex williams Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#cloud#RWCloudSponsored 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts Frederick Memorial HealthcareDownload case studyQuebecor WorldDownload White Paper PDFQuebecor World Goes Virtual Organizations that consider virtualization often face issues that keep the operation from running at top performance. Server sprawl is a big problem that when addressed often allows companies to dramatically reduce the number of servers it maintains.The following case studies all demonstrate the opportunities that come when the decision is made to consolidate servers by implementing modern virtualization technology.American Institute of Certified Public Accountantslast_img read more

Simple Methods for Measuring Air Flow

first_img Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details. This article is only available to GBA Prime Members UPDATED on April 15, 2016.To commission a ventilation system or a forced-air heating system, or to troubleshoot problems with these systems, it’s essential to be able to measure the rate of air flow through registers and grilles. Most home performance contractors measure air flow with a flow hood. Flow hoods vary in accuracy, but they all share one attribute: they are expensive (generally $1,600 to $3,200).If you want to measure air flow, but you can’t afford a flow hood, you may be interested in using one of the inexpensive approaches to air flow measurement described in this article.Iain Walker, Craig Wray, and Max Sherman, three scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), examined the accuracy of commercially available flow hoods in a 2002 paper, “Accuracy of Flow Hoods in Residential Applications.” Although most of the flow hoods they looked at provided fairly accurate measurements in commercial buildings with large HVAC grilles, they were often inaccurate when used in homes. “Potential errors are about 20% to 30% of measured flow, due to poor calibrations, sensitivity to grille flow non-uniformities, and flow changes from added flow resistance,” the researchers wrote.When it comes to measuring air flows, the researchers noted that the level of accuracy required to identify room-to-room residential pressure imbalances is +/-25%, and for ensuring room load and comfort requirements it is +/-20%. For such purposes, a flow hood with a potential error of 20% to 30% isn’t ideal.Robert deKieffer, an energy consultant from Boulder, Colorado, has also looked into the problem of flow-hood accuracy. “The Shortridge flow hood I used wasn’t anywhere close to accurate,” deKieffer told me. “They charged $75 to calibrate it, and I still got a bad number after it came back. I thought, ‘Wow — I spent a couple thousand bucks for this tool and it… center_img Start Free Trial Already a member? Log inlast_img read more

An Energy Report from the 2018 Midterms

first_imgAmericans in at least seven states voted on energy-related ballot initiatives during the 2018 midterm elections. These measures targeted everything from raising targets for the share of electricity drawn from renewable energy to charging a tax on carbon emissions. Campaigns to defeat these initiatives related to energy and climate policy, financed heavily by big oil and gas companies and utilities, substantially outspent proponents. They prevailed in nearly every case. At the same time, however, voters elected many politicians who had vowed to take action to reduce the country’s carbon footprint. Those leaders could potentially bring on the same kinds of policies through other means. Like most environmental economists, I believe that strong policies can help rein in climate change. And, I believe that market-based policies like a carbon tax are the best way to do that. But following the 2018 midterms, it might be the case that advocates of these policies will need to stick to backing politicians who will implement them directly rather than trying to effect change with ballot initiatives.RELATED ARTICLESDebating Our All-Renewable Energy FutureWhite House Takes Aim at Renewable Energy ResearchThe Cheapest Way to Scale Up Renewable Energy?Taking Aim at California’s Low-Carbon TargetCap and Trade No national leadership Since climate change is a global issue, it may seem odd that American states, counties and cities are forging their own policies to address it. In other countries, national authorities typically take the lead on this priority. But the federal government has failed to address climate change even though the Environmental Protection Agency has effectively been obligated to regulate greenhouse gases for the past decade due to the Supreme Court’s “endangerment” finding that those emissions are pollutants that must be regulated under the Clean Air Act. After Congress failed in its attempt to pass comprehensive climate legislation during former President Barack Obama’s administration, he bypassed lawmakers and relied on an executive order to establish his Clean Power Plan, which would have regulated carbon dioxide. But President Donald Trump, who recently said of climate change that he doesn’t “know that it’s manmade” and that he believes it will “change back again,” has basically ended all federal climate action by dismantling the Clean Power Plan and deciding to pull out of the Paris climate deal. Many states are filling this climate leadership vacuum. California, for example, is committed to becoming completely carbon-neutral by 2045. But not all states are moving quickly enough in this direction, climate activists fear. Voter-driven initiatives are one solution to this problem. These measures are proliferating based on a simple premise: Perhaps giving citizens a say at the ballot box will force state policymakers and legislators to adopt regulations that can meaningfully and swiftly reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change. Climate policies As an economist, I see pollution as a classic case of market failure. That is, unless the authorities regulate carbon pollution, the market will produce too much of it. Because that excess pollution will contribute to climate change, it will ultimately end up damaging the economy. Furthermore, there is also a strong economic argument to be made in favor of policies like Washington’s carbon tax. Some economists call these types of policies “market-based policies,” in contrast to “command-and-control” policies like renewable portfolio standards — state mandates that make utilities get at least a defined proportion of their electricity from renewable energy like solar and wind power. For a given pollution reduction goal, a market-based policy, economists generally agree, can achieve it at a lower cost than a command-and-control policy can — as long as that the market-based policy is sufficiently strict. There are two main ways that Massachusetts, New York, and other states are already trying reduce their carbon footprints to correct for this problem. The first is a market-based policy: cap and trade, otherwise known as emissions trading systems. This approach caps the total emissions allowed at a set level and then allocate emissions permits to factories, utilities, and other polluters either for free or through auctions. The other is through stronger renewable portfolio standards. Once states reach a benchmark, they can set more ambitious goals. When the authorities fail to do that or take other steps to deal with climate change and protect the environment from the risks tied to fossil fuels, one workaround is to have the electorate weigh in. That doesn’t always work either. Indeed, Arizona voters rejected a measure on their 2018 ballots that would have increased their renewable energy target to 50% from 15% by an overwhelming margin. A similar measure did prevail in Nevada. But before it can go into effect, voters will have to approve it a second time in 2020. Taxing carbon Perhaps most notably, voters in Washington declined to make their state the nation’s first to tax carbon dioxide emissions. This ballot initiative, which would have introduced a carbon “fee,” failed to garner support from a majority of Washington voters. Those voters had rejected another carbon tax measure in 2016 as well. Not all energy-related taxes flopped. Portland, Oregon’s voters chose to create a new 1% tax on the gross receipts of all large retailers. The revenue it raises will establish a clean energy fund, to be used to meet the city’s emissions reduction goals. Other efforts to regulate fossil fuels at the ballot box also had mixed results. Florida voters amended their state constitution to ban offshore oil drilling, reinforcing a prohibition already on the state’s books. And Californians bucked an effort to repeal a gas tax hike. But Coloradans declined a chance to force their state to locate new oil and gas projects at least 2,500 feet from occupied buildings like homes, schools, and hospitals. An alternative What can be more effective than winning specific changes at the ballot box? Electing leaders inclined to make those changes once they’re in office. And several newly elected governors have promised to support policies that will reduce carbon emissions. Colorado Governor-elect Jared Polis, for example, backs shifting his state to 100% reliance on renewable energy for electricity by 2040. So do many of his peers, including J.B. Pritzker in Illinois, Tony Evers in Wisconsin, Gretchen Whitmer in Michigan, and Stephen Sisolak in Nevada. Janet Mills in Maine aims to cut her state’s carbon emissions by 80% by 2030. Michelle Lujan Grisham in New Mexico consistently voted for environmental legislation while serving in the House of Representatives. Change at the federal level may remain elusive for now. But many of the new members of Congress who won their first elections in 2018, including New Yorker Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Sean Casten of Illinois, and Virginian Elaine Luria, support phasing out oil, gas, and coal consumption. And the Democratic Party plans to restore a special committee focused on climate change once it formally takes control of the House. These new lawmakers will be poised to do more about climate change than their predecessors once there is a president who makes it a priority.   Garth Heutel is an associate professor of economics at Georgia State University. This post originally appeared at The Conversation.last_img read more