First stars might have been powered by dark matter

first_imgFor a long time, scientists have assumed that the very first stars were powered by fusion, in processes similar to what goes on in present day stars. But a new theory is emerging to challenge that view. “The first stars were different in a lot of ways,” Katherine Freese, a theoretical physicist at the University of Michigan, tells This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: First stars might have been powered by dark matter (2008, February 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Stars Fueled by Dark Matter Could Hold Secrets to the Universecenter_img Explore further Freese, along with Douglas Spolyar at the Unversity of California, Santa Cruz and Paolo Gondolo at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, posit that dark matter annihilation was the source of energy that powered the earliest stars, formed about the time the universe was between 100 and 200 million years old. If they are right, some of what we know about stellar formation – and the formation of the universe itself – could be called into question. Their work appears in Physical Review Letters with the title “Dark Matter and the First Stars: A New Phase of Stellar Evolution.”“Annihilation means that matter goes into something else,” Freese explains. She says that everything has a partner opposite – matter and anti-matter, electrons and positrons. When these opposites meet, their identity is lost and the energy goes elsewhere. “Dark matter particles are their own anti. When they meet, one-third of the energy goes into neutrinos, which escape, one-third goes into photons and the last third goes into electrons and positrons.” “In order for a star to form, in order for its matter to collapse into a dense object, it has to be able to cool off,” Freese continues. “We noticed that in the first stars something was competing with the cooling. The stars couldn’t collapse down small enough to get fusion going. But they were still giving off energy. They were in a phase we hadn’t discovered before.” Freese describes how the first stars likely moved from the dark matter phase and into the fusion phase. “The annihilation products getting stuck is what allows the dark matter heating to stay inside the star, and is what prevents the star from collapsing into a fusion driven one.” When all the dark matter is gone, Freese says, the star can collapse enough for fusion to take over inside the star. Hydrogen and helium atoms are forced together by this process to form new elements (carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and metals) until it becomes dense enough to collapse in on itself. Finally, the star goes supernova, spewing the new elements created in its core across the universe to be used in the formation of later stars.“This new phase is only true in the first stars,” Freese insists. “The stars we see today are called population one stars. Earlier stars were population two stars. The first stars are referred to as population three stars. Our work is to modify how we believe population three stars developed. At first, they weren’t fusion driven.”If Freese and her colleagues are right, it could change what we know about how stars are formed. “It adds a new phase of stellar evolution,” Freese says. She says that studying this theory will have to wait until 2013, when NASA is scheduled to launch the James Webb Telescope. “We call them dark stars,” Freese explains, “but they would still shine, looking a little different. They would be cooler than a fusion driven star. We hope the next phase telescope will be able to tell between the standard stars now, and what we think happened in the first stars.”Until then, Freese and her peers will continue to speculate on the properties of the first stars, and try to figure out how the new phase in stellar evolution might have affected the timing of other developments in the universe. “It really gets into speculation here,” she says, “but this could affect the timing of the fist black holes, and the development of our own galaxy.”Copyright 2007 All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of read more

Stanford researchers demonstrate carbon nanotube based computer chip

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: TechnologyReview Scientists ‘clone’ carbon nanotubes to unlock their potential Explore further © 2013 Phys.orgcenter_img Citation: Stanford researchers demonstrate carbon nanotube based computer chip (2013, February 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Transistors have of course, been getting smaller over the past few decades as engineers attempt to pack more computing power onto chips small enough to fit onto smartphones and other electronic devices. There is a limit, though, to how small such circuits can be made using silicon—the material upon which modern computers are built. For that reason, researchers have been looking for alternative materials that can be used instead—materials that can do the same thing as silicon but at a much smaller size. Transistors of today fall roughly in the 20nm range—engineers want to reduce that by half, or better, but trying to do so using silicon won’t be possible because of the limited number of atoms in silicon molecules.To create transistors of the future, researchers have been looking at semiconducting carbon nanotubes—they’re highly conductive, can be fashioned at a much smaller size than silicon, and can switch at very high speeds. Currently the hold-up is in figuring out how to grow them without a high error rate. The best methods currently produce nanotubes in bunches where up to 30 percent of them are metallic instead of semiconducting—which is of course unacceptable for use in making computer chips. Or at least that’s been the conventional thinking. By demonstrating a functional computer chip based on carbon nanotubes, the team from Stanford has shown that it might be possible to work around such error rates.The reason error rates for nanotubes are so high is because of the way they come about—they’re grown, like crystals, rather than fabricated, and like everything else that grows, there are imperfections—thus at this time there doesn’t seem to be a way around the problem. Even worse, they don’t grow in nice smooth lines—instead they have curves and bend around which tend to present problems in connecting them together and add to switching irregularities. Because of these problems the researchers took another approach—instead of trying to get the nanotubes to grow in more predictable ways, they put them together in such a way as to correct for the errors that result when grouped as a transistor.The team didn’t give specific details on how they corrected the errors produced by the nanotubes but they demonstrated it had been done by building a chip that was able to convert an analog signal to a digital one—it’s a very common computer function, such as converting finger swipes on a smartphone to signals the processor can understand. At the conference, the team connected their chip to a hand made out of wood, that when touched, responded by simulating shaking hands.By creating a nanotube based computer chip the team has demonstrated it can be done—what still remains to be seen however, is whether research in the future will lead to scaling that will allow for their use in actual computers. (—A research team from Stanford University led by associate professor Subhasish Mitra and headed by Professor Philip Wong, has demonstrated a computer chip based on transistors made out of carbon nanotubes. The demonstration took place at this year’s International Solid-State Circuits Conference held in San Francisco.last_img read more

Researchers observe new type of ice forms between layers of graphene oxide

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further More information: Origin of Anomalous Water Permeation through Graphene Oxide Membrane, Nano Lett., 2013, 13 (8), pp 3930–3935. DOI: 10.1021/nl4020292AbstractWater inside the low-dimensional carbon structures has been considered seriously owing to fundamental interest in its flow and structures as well as its practical impact. Recently, the anomalous perfect penetration of water through graphene oxide membrane was demonstrated although the membrane was impenetrable for other liquids and even gases. The unusual auxetic behavior of graphene oxide in the presence of water was also reported. Here, on the basis of first-principles calculations, we establish atomistic models for hybrid systems composed of water and graphene oxides revealing the anomalous water behavior inside the stacked graphene oxides. We show that formation of hexagonal ice bilayer in between the flakes as well as melting transition of ice at the edges of flakes are crucial to realize the perfect water permeation across the whole stacked structures. The distance between adjacent layers that can be controlled either by oxygen reduction process or pressure is shown to determine the water flow thus highlighting a unique water dynamics in randomly connected two-dimensional spaces.via Nanotechweb Journal information: Nano Letters © 2013 The new type of ice was discovered via atomistic modeling which allowed the researchers to control its development. The new type of ice, a form of bilayer ice, can only form under very special conditions. In this new effort, the researchers were experimenting with graphene oxide films, which are unique because they allow water, but no other liquids or gasses, to pass through.In their model, graphene oxide layers were stacked one on top of one other and then water was allowed to pass through one of the membranes where it was chilled to below freezing at the junction point. The water between froze into a lattice pattern very similar to the membrane. To create the bilayer ice, more water was allowed to pass through the membrane, freezing on top of the first layer. Rather than adhering to one another as would occur with normal ice, the two layers of ice actually slide against one another, in a zig-zag fashion as they follow the lattice pattern. This is because, the researchers explain, the water makes its way through the membrane in a special way—one that allows for the water to freeze into a new kind of ice crystal shape.The researchers note that normally when (reduced) graphene oxide is layered, the distance between the two pieces is just 0.6 nm—enough for just one layer of water to freeze into ice. To allow for two layers, the researchers used unreduced graphene oxide which allowed for a span of 0.9 nm—enough extra space to allow for a second layer of ice to form.The newly found properties of graphene oxide and ice formation could lead to new types of filters or membranes that are capable of separating different substances. Also, if the graphene oxide were doped with nitrogen, the researchers note, the possibility exists for creating a new type of catalyst. ( —A combined team of researchers from Korea and The Netherlands has discovered a new type of ice that forms between layers of graphene oxide. In their paper published in the journal Nano Letters, the team describes the ice’s properties and how they caused the ice to form. Citation: Researchers observe new type of ice forms between layers of graphene oxide (2013, August 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from New findings on the structure of graphite oxides in alcoholslast_img read more

Study shows Massive Open Online Courses used mostly by wealthier people

first_img(—A pair of researchers looking into whether Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are helping to bridge the disparity gap in education access in the U.S. has found that those who take the courses tend to be from wealthier neighborhoods. In their paper published in the journal Science, John Hansen, with Harvard University and Justin Reich, with MIT describe their research efforts and why they came to believe that MOOCs are not the remedy to educational disparity that many had hoped. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Two stylized representations of the possible effects of a technological innovation on educational outcomes for students from high- and low-socioeconomic backgrounds are shown. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the Dec. 4, 2015, issue of Science, published by AAAS. The paper, by J.D. Hansen at Harvard University in Cambridge, MA, and colleagues was titled, “Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses.” Credit: John Hansen and Justin Reich More information: J. D. Hansen et al. Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses, Science (2015). DOI: 10.1126/science.aab3782AbstractMassive open online courses (MOOCs) are often characterized as remedies to educational disparities related to social class. Using data from 68 MOOCs offered by Harvard and MIT between 2012 and 2014, we found that course participants from the United States tended to live in more-affluent and better-educated neighborhoods than the average U.S. resident. Among those who did register for courses, students with greater socioeconomic resources were more likely to earn a certificate. Furthermore, these differences in MOOC access and completion were larger for adolescents and young adults, the traditional ages where people find on-ramps into science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) coursework and careers. Our findings raise concerns that MOOCs and similar approaches to online learning can exacerbate rather than reduce disparities in educational outcomes related to socioeconomic status. The study suggests that there are obstacles that prevent students from less wealthy neighborhoods from accessing free online education and presumably the better economic opportunities that would follow were those obstacles to be removed. Citation: Study shows Massive Open Online Courses used mostly by wealthier people (2015, December 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Neighborhood income for US Harvard/MIT MOOC participants compared to general US population. This material relates to a paper that appeared in the Dec. 4, 2015, issue of Science, published by AAAS. The paper, by J.D. Hansen at Harvard University in Cambridge, MA, and colleagues was titled, “Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses.” Credit: John Hansen and Justin Reichcenter_img © 2015 Massive open online courses haven’t lived up to the hopes and the hype, professors say Access to a high quality education is not guaranteed in the U.S. People who live in poorer neighborhoods tend to live in less well funded schools with lower success rates. Over the years some have espoused technological advances as the key to leveling the playing field—some believed radio could change things by offering educational programming, others believed television would help, offering even more programming such as that provided by PBS. Unfortunately, such hopes have not been realized as the disparity gap in education has only grown wider between people living in rich neighborhoods versus those living in poor neighborhoods. More recently, some have suggested that the Internet might finally provide the path to change—universities such as Harvard and MIT began offering free courses online, which over time have come to be known as MOOCs. But now, Hansen and Reich have found that the majority of young people taking advantage of such coursework are kids living in wealthy neighborhoods, suggesting that instead of shrinking the disparity gap, they are actually making it wider.To come to these conclusions, the research pair obtained data on 68 students enrolled in MOOCs offered by Harvard and MIT covering the years 2012 to 2014, which included student addresses. Those addresses when compared with census data allowed the researchers to identify the average wealth and education level of adults in the neighborhoods where the students lived. The researchers looked at both registration and completion rates of the student enrollees, and found that the people using MOOCs to further their education were primarily from wealthier neighborhoods, thus it was no surprise that most of those that completed the courses and received a certificate, were also from those same wealthy neighborhoods. Journal information: Science Explore furtherlast_img read more

Researchers trace the genetic history and diversity of wheat

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. What the wheat genome tells us about wars Wheat is, of course, one of the main crop staples in the world today. The BBC recently reported that it now comprises approximately 15 percent of human caloric intake. Prior research uncovered evidence indicating that wheat was first domesticated approximately 8,000 to 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent—though some anthropologists have suggested the opposite occurred. They propose that it was wheat and other crop staples that domesticated humans rather than the other way around—instead of relying on the wind to carry its seeds, they note, wheat now has humans planting its seeds all over the world. In either case, the researchers with this new effort sought to get a better view of the history of wheat domestication.To learn more about how wheat has changed since humans began growing it, the researchers collected and genetically tested 4506 landraces (locally grown cultivars that have been changed using agricultural methods) from 105 sites around the world. Each was genotyped with a high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism array.The researchers report that they were able to trace the development of wheat from the Fertile Crescent to where it was planted and grown in Europe and on into Asia. They note that wheat underwent a dramatic transformation during the Green Revolution, and the result was reduced diversity. They found that most cultivars grown today originated from strains developed in southeastern Europe around the Mediterranean Sea and on parts of the Iberian Peninsula. They note that the lack of diversity actually presents an opportunity for further advances in wheat production—Asian wheat varieties, they note, present an excellent source of diversity and because of that could be used in future research efforts aimed at increasing crop yields. A team of researchers from Université Clermont Auvergne and BreedWheat in France and the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium in the U.S. has conducted genomic testing of thousands of wheat types to trace the genetic history and diversity of wheat. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes their study of the history of wheat domestication and how it has come to exist in its present state. Sixteen bread wheat accessions illustrating the phenotypic diversity existing within this species. Credit: Etienne Paux © 2019 Science X Networkcenter_img Journal information: Science Advances More information: François Balfourier et al. Worldwide phylogeography and history of wheat genetic diversity, Science Advances (2019). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0536 Citation: Researchers trace the genetic history and diversity of wheat (2019, May 30) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Explore furtherlast_img read more

Could we be losing our cinematic heritage

first_imgEven as World Heritage is being celebrated today and Indian cinema will complete its journey of 100 years on 3 May this year, there is an unfortunate loss of invaluable cinematic heritage, including the first silent film as well as the first talkie.Cinema was introduced to India, as soon as it came about in the world, thanks to the Lumiere brothers from France who screened a series of silent shorts Arrival of a Train, Leaving the Factory etc at the Watson Hotel in Bombay (now Mumbai) on 7 July, 1896. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Once the toast of town, the hotel now known as Esplanade Mansions, and India’s oldest cast-iron building, is currently in shambles, its old sepia-toned images providing some consolation to heritage lovers.While Watson may still be standing, Coronation Theatre where India’s first silent feature film Raja Harishchandra on 3 May in 1913 and Majestic Cinema where it’s first talkie Alam Ara on 14 March, 1931, were screened, have met with much worse fate and have disappeared. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix‘I must say Coronation and Majestic were India’s history and should have been preserved as heritage for posterity but the love for cinema has been replaced today with pure business. And we anyway do not have a culture of archiving or preservation in our country,’ says P K Nair, founder and ex-director, NFAI.Nair’s life has been captured in a brilliant documentary Celluloid Man which talks about his marathon efforts in single-handedly building, one of the most enviable film archives in India. Shivendra Singh Dungarpur, who produced and directed this landmark film which releases in theatres on May 3 to coincide with the centenary, has said that over 1700 silent films were made in India of which only 9 or so have survived in the National Film Archives of India, thanks to Nair’s efforts.Nair, who retired from NFAI in 1991, by then had created a massive treasure trove of films and documentaries in black and white and in colour but after his retirement his carefully collected celluloid films and documentaries weren’t kept in the right conditions as needed, Dungarpur’s film points out.However, amidst all the pain of losing our historic treasure, it is Nair’s efforts only that bring some cheers amidst the gloomy scene on the cinematic heritage front.By 1991, NFAI had 12,000 films in its collection, out of which 9000 were in Indian languages, the majority being black and white. Included in the Indian category were films made by foreign studios in India or by Europeans living in India.The archive has rare silent films like Jamai Babu, Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani-starrer Achhut Kanya (1936), V Shantaram’s Duniya Na Mane (1937), second oldest Malayalam film Marthanda Varma’ (1933), and also opening fanfares and cards of production companies like Imperial Movietone, Wadia Movietone, Bombay Talkies, AVM Studios and Prabhat Studios, among other rarities.‘We also had some fine documentaries produced by Burmah Shell on various parts of India, but I don’t know what their current status is now,’ the 80-year-old.He also tells the story of the tragedy of Alam Ara and even some of its few reels left were lost forever as he says ‘filmmakers never cared for what they created’.last_img read more

A helping hand

first_imgIncreasingly school students, are using their spare time to go beyond academics into areas like social work, to lend a helping hand to those less privileged.‘Don’t do good work to see results in your lifetime. Do it so that others get motivated. It may be just a drop in the ocean but even that makes a difference’, says Anushka Mandal, a class 11 student, from Kolkata who played Secret Santa to the underprivileged during one Christmas.Anushka, student of a Kolkata school, says she helped 500 people who were living on the streets by distributing blankets to them during winters in 2012. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’She claims to have raised a total of Rs 55,000 from friends and family to buy blankets. Organising volunteers into five teams Mandal says she went around the city on one cold, winter night and laid blankets on people sleeping on the pavements.‘During winters, there were stories of people dying. I really wanted to do something for them. My mother, who has been in social work since her school days, told me to go to some key companies and some friends and ask them to donate. On December 27, I asked some people to come with me. We went in different directions of the city and laid blankets on the poor, sleeping on streets. It felt good,’ says Anushka. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAnushka says she moved by what she saw at a Chennai hospital when she was a ten years old and has continued to be motivated by that incident ever since.‘I was diagnosed a diabetic when I was eight years old. I was really young and no specialised doctors were available in Kolkata then. We then decided to go to a hospital in Chennai.There I saw the doctors giving medicines and injections to diabetic children, who could not afford it. That motivated me to help the needy,’ says Anushka. Anushka was among other school children who went to Washington recently to represent the country at the Pramerica Spirit of Community Awards.Maneka, a class 12 student from Gurgaon aspires to become a social entrepreneur and deal with social issues.‘I taught English in slum areas near my house. There I met a girl named Pooja, who told me how her family received only three litres of water a day. I thought of writing about her story and about the benefits of conserving water,’ says Maneka.The school girl, who says she aims to become a social entrepreneur says she self-published her book titled Rohan On A Water Saving Spree. Written in a narrative style the illustrated book targets children aged 5 to 11 and shares important and practical tips to save water within their homes.While Maneka works towards conserving water, city-based boy Aakash Pawar strives hard to combat social evils like child marriage and child labour. A class eleven student Aakash Pawar has been teaching underprivileged children and conducting development programs for them for the past seven years.‘In class four, I used to play with some underprivileged children near my house. Gradually I started noticing that out of them three girls were not sent to school and assigned household chores, while the boys went to school. When I was in class 6, I started persuading people to send their daughters to school,’ says Aakash.Today with 20 members, his organisation, which receives funding from other NGOs and individuals uses simple, yet innovative methods to teach the children.‘I make them play puzzles. Spell out different words together and use simple games like Name, Place, Animal and Thing to teach the children,’ says Aakash ‘We have two hands. One is for us, while the other is to help the needy. Today, people are using their hand for their own prosperity but we should use both and make a difference to the society,” says Aakash.PTIlast_img read more

Workplace anxiety can lead to poor job performance

first_imgHigh levels of emotional exhaustion that come from workplace anxiety can directly lead to lower job performance, says a study.The effect of workplace anxiety on job performance is closely connected to the quality of relationships between employees, their bosses and their co-workers, said researchers from the University of Toronto-Scarborough.They found that anxiety can lead to lower job performance. “Workplace anxiety is a serious concern not only for employee health and well being, but also for an organisation’s bottom-line,” said Trougakos, an expert on organisational behaviour. Police officers, like all of us, have a finite amount of resources they can draw on to cope with the demands of their job. “If these resources are depleted then high levels of workplace anxiety will lead to emotional exhaustion,” added McCarthy, an expert on work-life integration and stress management. The study that surveyed 267 RCMP officers from across Canada also found that the quality of relationships officers have with their peers and supervisors can help reduce the potentially harmful effects of workplace anxiety.last_img read more

AIR INDIA organises special screening of Airlift

first_imgA movie is something which can make or break conceptions of people as it is the most accessible medium through which people are exposed to various unfound and unheard happenings, in the best way possible. In order to reach out to the movie lovers and to celebrate the largest evacuation in the history of civil aviation, Air India, Kolkata, took the initiative to arrange a special screening of Airlift at the prestigious Inox auditorium at Forum Mall in Kolkata, recently.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The employees took pride in soaking in the patriotic movie along with corporate clients, travel agents and distinguished guests. An FM contest was also initiated earlier on Air India, the winners of which were given free tickets for the movie.  Air India had scripted one of the most heroic saga of evacuation in recent times when it airlifted Indians stranded at Kuwait and Iraq in the early nineties.This ‘Operation Airlift’- an epic act, spanning over 59 days, rescued over 1,70,000 passengers through 88 flights operated by Air India. The same has been immortalised in the superhit movie Airlift which has received accolades from the public. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThis operation also saw the use of Airbus A320 aircraft, A300 B4, 273-seater A300 B2 aircraft along with boeing aircrafts with large seating capacities to fly out passengers.The national airlines rose to the occasion to meet the stiff challenge of evacuation from a strife-torn country. When the first phase of operation ended on October 12, 1990, it was a triumph for all sections of employees of the airline who spared no effort in fulfilling the task risking their life for the cause of the nation. And, this legacy of bravery continues, when Air India spread its wings to operate special flights to Djerba, in Tunisia, to evacuate more than 1,200 stranded Indians from Libya and Malta. The relief flights were operated to bring home Indian expatriates stranded in strife-torn countries.  National carrier Air India has been spreading its wings to connect every corner and heart of India even as it has been serving as the country’s flying ambassador to the world at large. It pioneered aviation in India and its history is synonymous with the history of civil aviation in the country.  Air India is not just an airline that transports passengers, baggage and cargo. Air India has always been identified with India from standing by the nation, during any crisis, reflecting the tradition and culture of the country, or showcasing the strength of emerging India.  Ever since its inception, it has been extending its unstinted support to encourage and uphold our traditional arts and culture besides serving as the nation’s second line of defence. Indeed, Air India has been inextricably woven into the tapestry of our country’s tradition – to power the nation forward in its relentless pursuit of excellence.last_img read more

Educational institutes in Bengal wont observe Surgical Strikes Day says Partha

first_imgKolkata: State Education Partha Chatterjee made it clear that the educational institutes in the state will not observe September 29 as “Surgical Strikes Day”.Slamming the BJP-led government at the Centre, he said that “Surgical Strikes Day” is the saffron party’s agenda and an attempt to “malign and politicise” the Army.”This is an agenda of the BJP and it is trying to push this agenda by using the UGC ahead of elections. It is a matter of shame that they are using the UGC for their political agenda,” Chatterjee said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt may be mentioned that the minister’s reaction came in the wake of the University Grants Commission (UGC) telling the higher education institutions earlier this week, to hold programmes and activities to celebrate “Surgical Strikes Day”.According to Chatterjee, the Indian Army should always be kept above politics and controversies.”We have full respect for our soldiers and their sacrifices. BJP should learn how to be respectful to the sacrifices of our soldiers. They should have asked us to observe the day in the name of the sacrifices made by our soldiers,” he added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIn a letter to Vice-Chancellors of different universities on Wednesday, the UGC suggested that institutions ask students to “pledge their support” to the armed forces through letters and cards, which the government will use for publicity.Talk sessions by ex-servicemen about sacrifices made by the armed forces, special parades by NCC and visit to exhibitions are among the prescribed events by the UGC for the celebration.A surgical strike is a military attack which results in, was intended to result in, or is claimed to have resulted in damage to only the intended legitimate military target and no or minimal collateral damage to surrounding structures, vehicles, buildings, or the general public infrastructure and utilities.On September 29, 2016, eleven days after the Uri attack, the Indian Army conducted “surgical strikes” against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. However, Pakistan denied such allegations.last_img read more

Get the art of accessorising right

first_imgConfused about what type of jewellery will go with your outfit? It is important to pick wisely, wear with style and flaunt it with grace, says an expert. * Corporate dressing: Minimalistic and sleek designs go best – be it bracelets, pendants or earrings. They not only refine your outfit, but also add a subtle bling, giving your outfit a classy finish. One should not wear blingy and sparkling pieces to their workplace. Men can opt lapel pins to enhance their look and top it up with a leather strap watch. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* With casuals: Bold colours if paired well can take the style quotient several notches higher. Club your casuals with stylish necklaces, multi-coloured bracelets and bold statement pieces that are eye-catching and at the same time exude casual elegance.Similarly, men can opt for multiple leather bands and experiment with big stainless steel watches. Accessorise with trendy pieces such as decorative rings and fashionable belt buckles, which are great add-ons. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Evening party: For women opting for gowns and dresses, it is recommended to keep it subtle, especially if your outfit is made of bold colours with shimmer and sequence. For flowy or straight-cut outfits, you can choose a big piece of jewellery in a contrast colour to add a regal touch.Men wearing tuxedos or suits should not forget to add a stylish pair of cufflinks. Also, a pocket watch can elevate the overall appeal by adding an opulent grace.* For festive occasions: Follow the rule of the opposites here. For instance, if your sari, suit or lehenga is lavish, balance it out by keeping your jewellery light, and in matching with tones of your outfit. The wedding season brings forth many opportunities to flaunt your ethic, traditional jewellery, as it accentuates both, light and heavy outfits. You can always experiment with fusion jewellery, which is a blend of traditional and modern jewellery, and is currently in vogue.While dressing for a festive occasion, men should choose their colour combinations carefully – a light bottom wear should be paired up with a dark upper and vice-versa. They can experiment with embossed metal or meenakari buttons for their kurta and wear a light gold chain. Bracelets in silver (even gold and rose gold) and kadas are also a great option for men.last_img read more

Freedom to disturb and agitate is the right of all poets

first_imgObserving that it is often in times when poetry is impossible, that the best kind of poetry is written, pioneering Malayalam poet and theorist K Satchidandan said it was important to be able to hurt and affect sentiments in an increasingly charged and gentrified world.”The freedom to disturb and agitate is one of the most important rights a poet has, especially in the history we find ourselves living in today. Poetry is the freedom to conceive, to create alternative worlds, different ways of seeing, going beyond reality to escape it. Or perhaps even oppose the real and inhabit other realities,” said Satchidanandan, during a thought-provoking evening conversation at Vak: Raza Biennale of Indian Poetry, an event held in the Capital recently. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe scholarly panel discussion, titled ‘Poetry as Freedom’, was held at the Triveni Kala Sangam as part of the three-day Biennale. The first-of-its-kind celebration of verse in the country was organised by the Raza Foundation – set up by the late master artist Sayed Haider Raza in 2001 and helmed by eminent Hindi poet Ashok Vajpeyi, the Managing Trustee.”Though it is but words, poetry is ultimately an act of imagination and a kind of conversation. To use meter, rhythm, metaphor, rhyme, syntax, structure, style and imagery to follow or break with diktats and rejuvenate and recreate language in order to make apparent the invisible,” added K Satchidandan. Citing the importance of the discussion, Vajpeyi said, “Poetry is perhaps the best embodiment of the ideals of freedom. It has become all the more crucial today when there are many curbs on freedom of expression and in a world where the idea of freedom has been divorced from ideas of equality and justice.” The hour-long conversation also featured prominent educationist and former NCERT director Krishna Kumar, award-winning author and academic Ananya Vajpeyi and Apoorvanand, renowned professor of Hindi at Delhi University. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveDescribing poetry as the “last refuge” against tendencies of systemic oppression and reductionism, Ananya Vajpeyi traced the influence poets and their works have exercised on the sub-continent across epochs. Contending that a “little amnesia” would help the contemporary shake off the shackles of the past, iconic litterateur Keki N Daruwalla said that poetry was an important counterweight against the canonisation of myth as memory.”The danger of myth becoming scripture and memory, as something to be remembered as having lived or occurred is something we must all be wary of. This sort of co-option – the darker side of memory – is linked to nostalgia. A little amnesia would benefit us all,” said Daruwalla, sparking a lively discussion at event. He linked the conflation of myth with historical and racial anger and distrust. The discussion saw impassioned rebuttal arguments from noted social scientist Shiv Visvanathan and celebrated Gujarati poet-playwright Sitanshu Yashaschandra at the Biennale.”Indian poetics understands that memory, like literature, gives you space for and elasticity of interpretation. Indian literature traditionally used memory as metaphor. Like literature, memory should be permitted to cheat us and play with us,” Yashaschandra said.last_img read more

Body of housewife found hanging at inlaws house

first_imgKolkata: Mystery shrouds the death of a housewife whose body was found hanging from the ceiling at her in-laws’ house in Nadia.The victim, Sujata Biswas, originally a resident of Malda got married to one Arindra Mitra of Taherpur in Nadia around 11 months ago. The family members of the victim alleged that she had been murdered by her husband and later her body was put in a manner to make it look like a case of suicide. They also lodged a complaint at the local police station and demanded a detailed probe into the incident. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalThe victim’s parents also alleged that the accused husband had an extra marital relationship with another woman in the locality. They often fought with each other after the victim came to know about the illicit affair. As she protested against the affair, Sujata was often subjected to physical torture by her husband. On a few occasions, she also went to her maternal house in Malda to stay. Her husband went to her maternal house and brought her to Nadia a month ago. The accused then convinced her family members that he would no longer Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedassault her. The family members of the victim told police a quarrel might have broken out between the couple on Tuesday night following which he strangulated her to death and later kept her body in such a position. They also alleged that the accused had attempted to kill her on previous occasions as well. After being informed by locals, police reached the spot and recovered the body. Police are waiting for the autopsy report which might throw some light on her death. On the basis of specific complaint police started a detailed probe in this regard and are not ruling out any possibilities of foul play behind the incident. Police are yet to arrest anybody in this connection so far.last_img read more

Why mustard oil is healthy for your heart

first_imgMustard oil, with its ideal ratio of essential fatty acids and natural antioxidants, may be one of the healthiest edible oils, with huge benefits for the heart, experts suggest.Mustard oil, which has a pungent taste, contains about 60 per cent monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), 21 per cent polyunsaturated fats (PUFA) and about 12 per cent saturated fats.”High levels of MUFA and PUFA – also called good fats – maintain heart health and lower bad cholesterol, while improving good cholesterol,” said Reeti Kapoor, Venkateshwar Hospital, Dwarka. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFurther, it also consists of six per cent of the omega-3 fatty acids (N-3) and 15 per cent of the omega-6 (n-6) – the two essential fatty acids – in the ideal ratio of 1:2, which is a huge benefit for the heart, as it balances cholesterol levels.This, in turn, reduces triglycerides or blood fat levels, and helps in keeping the heart healthy, experts said.”Heart-friendly oil should be cholesterol – and trans-fat free, low in saturated fat and high in monounsaturated fat and polyunsaturated fat, and should have an ideal N6 to N3 acids ratio as well as a high smoking point. Mustard oil meets all these criteria,” said Parmeet Kaur, Nutritionist, Columbia Asia Hospital Gurgaon. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAccording to a study published recently in the Journal of Preventive Cardiology, use of mustard oil as a cooking medium reduced the chances of heart disease such as coronary artery disease (CAD) – the most common type of heart disease – by nearly 70 per cent.It also helps to regulate blood flow and protects the body from hypertension.Furthermore, mustard oil may also be more beneficial than olive oil, which is typical to Mediterranean cooking, as well as other refined oils such as vegetable oils, the experts said. “Olive oil, which is much-hyped and five times costlier, does not have an ideal ratio of omega-6 (N6) and Omega-3 (N3) fatty acids useful in reducing heart complications,” said Umesh Verma, DGM (Corporate Communications), Puri Oil Mills Limited, the company that manufactures and markets the P Mark Mustard Oil brand.Whereas, mustard oil has a ratio of 1.2 which is closest to the one recommended by World Health Organisation (WHO), that is, 1.25.Additionally, “olive oil is not a good choice for deep-frying as it has a low smoke point (the temperature at which the oil starts to burn)”, Verma said.Refined oil, on the other hand, is a product obtained after treating natural oils with various chemicals which can cause various diseases such as cancer, diabetes, heart and kidney ailments, among others.The mechanical and chemical processes also use solvents such as hexane and are heated at very high temperature, which affects the quality and nutrition value of refined edible oil.However, “mustard oil extracted through ‘kachi ghani’ process is unrefined oil. Its unique fatty acid profile is backed by a chemical-free method of manufacturing and is by far the healthiest and affordable cooking oil”, Verma observed.Mustard oil has various non-edible uses as well, such as in massaging the body and hair of new-born babies as well as adults. It is used as a remedy for stomach and skin diseases (fungal infections).The oil, which also has high levels of Vitamin E, helps the skin to fight free radical damage to the body by ultra violet rays and pollution.During oil production, beta carotene gets converted to vitamin A, which is excellent for hair growth. Apart from this, it also contains iron, fatty acids, calcium and magnesium, all of which promote hair growth.last_img read more

Opt for fruits vegetables infused beauty products

first_imgFruits and vegetables possess a plethora of health benefits when included in beauty products hence always opt for those options that has such ingredients, say experts. Here are some of the smart options in fruits and vegetables that can work wonders for skin.4Apricot kernel oil is highly refined fruit oil extracted from apricot kernels that is a natural source of vitamin E and has been found to be very compatible with the skin4Avocado oil is a rich, fatty acid emollient derived from the fruit of a tropical American tree also a natural source of vitamin A. The fatty acids and emollients found in avocado oil help to restore the natural moisture of the hair and the lipid barrier of the skin Also Read – Add new books to your shelf4Cucumber extract is composed of proteins, lipids, vitamin C and minerals. This helps in the moisturizing of the skin while relieving puffy skin4Ginger root extract is known to have antioxidants, helps to absorb extra oil and defend skin from damage caused by free radicals and environmental aggressors4Grape seed oil has a high concentration of essential fatty acids and is an efficacious skin-nurturing ingredient4Orange extract is known to have anti-oxidation benefits to protect skin and blocks damage caused by pollution that attaches to skin and help regulate sebum and to energize skin Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive4Turmeric extract is a part of the ginger family, turmeric is known to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and has been historically used to treat skin imperfections and improve the brightness of skin4Lemons are high in natural fruit acids and have the highest percentage of vitamin C out of all the fruits. Its extracts from the fruit and essential oil (expressed from the peel) have astringent and antiseptic qualities that freshen, stimulate, and rejuvenate sluggish skin and add lustrous shine to the hair. Beauty experts too feel that products that are made of natural ingredients, using carefully blended plants, flower extracts and fine essential oils are extremely effective for skin and hair-care concerns for all types of skin.4Green Apple: green Apples have been nature’s health fruit since the beginning of time with many nutritious and anti-oxidative properties. Apples are excellent detoxifiers and protectors to purify, refresh and revitalize skin and hair.4Cucumber: Cucumber is one of primordial cooling and purifying plants in nature with many beneficial health benefits. It is known to reduce skin puffiness and tiredness, and to restore natural skin freshness and tone.4Papaya: Papaya is a luscious tropical fruit known for its rejuvenating and healing benefits. Full of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals, papaya can act as a youth activator and natural exfoliator to revitalise the skin without inflammation or irritation.last_img read more

Vote to drive Modi out of power

first_imgChopra (North Dinajpur): With just hours to go before the polls, Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee trained guns on Prime Minister Narendra Modi and said if he is taking credit for the air strike, then he should also take responsibility for the killing of 40 jawans who lost their lives in a terror strike in Pulwama on February 14.Addressing an election rally in Chopra on Wednesday afternoon, Banerjee said: “This time it is a very important election. This election is to defeat the BJP. It is to drive out the BJP from power… This election is to make sure that Narendra Modi can never be the Prime Minister of the country again. We must ensure that they (BJP) never come back.” Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataShe further said it is most unfortunate that Modi is taking credit for the air strike. “It is a shame that Modi had asked the first-time voters in an election meeting to exercise their franchise in favour of BJP keeping in mind the action of the Indian Army. We are all proud of the Army and Modi is taking credit for their feats. He should then also take responsibility for the death of the jawans and will have to answer whose callousness had led to the unfortunate incident. The Centre had the information that there could be an attack but still no action was taken to save their lives,” she asked. She also alleged that all the institutions have lost their sanctity because of constant intervention from the saffron party. “The integrity and credibility of the agencies are being questioned because of BJP,” she maintained. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateBanerjee said BJP is trying to divide between the people of the Hills and plains. “When Darjeeling was burning, Modi did not come to solve the problem nor did the BJP MP was seen anywhere. They have now come to get votes and win the election.” The Chief Minister stated that in the past four-and-a-half-years, Modi had not done anything for India. “Note ban is a curse and has affected thousands of poor people. Many have lost their jobs. The unemployment is mounting and he had made a false promise that 2 crore people will get jobs per year. The economic condition of the country has turned from bad to worse. But he is unperturbed and busy in making foreign trips.” Banerjee urged people not to waste their votes by casting them in favour of BJP, CPI(M) or Congress. “Two Congress leaders, one in Berhampore and another in Jangipur are receiving support from the RSS. Congress gets support from BJP and CPI(M). A Congress worker attends his party meetings in the morning, CPI(M) in the afternoon and BJP in the evenings,” she alleged. The TMC supremo said Amar Singh Rai, the local candidate, is a son of the soil and will do all-round development in Darjeeling. Chopra falls under Darjeeling Lok Sabha seat where the election will be held on April 18.last_img read more

BJP insulting Ram by using his name for polls Abhishek

first_imgKushmandi (South Dinajpur): Trinamool Youth Congress president Abhishek Banerjee said BJP is insulting Ram, as his name is being used by the party in a bid to win elections.Addressing a meeting here on Thursday afternoon, Banerjee said: “BJP is insulting Ram by using his name to win elections. Before the election BJP promises to construct Ram temple and forgets it after the election gets over,” he said, adding: “BJP shouts Jai Sri Ram before conducting riots. There are blood stains on their hands.” Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataBanerjee said as BJP does not do any work, the party has no other alternative but to use religion to win polls. “Religion is private and in social life, work is the only religion. BJP uses religion to divide people and incite people belonging to one religion against the other,” he added. Banerjee said at a time when the entire country is suffering from acute economic crisis, Narendra Modi is spending Rs 3,000 crore to construct the statue of unity and crores more on his foreign trips. He alleged that Modi’s “Make in India” is a big hoax. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”Modi is encouraging the sale of Chinese products. The bullet train has been brought from Japan and he himself uses a German vehicle,” he said, adding: “Earlier, Modi used to sell tea by holding a kettle and now he is selling the country with Jaitley besides him.” Addressing first-time voters, Banerjee said: “Before casting your vote you should think about the consequences of note ban and GST. The poor people are yet to come out of the shock of note ban. Thousands of people have lost their jobs. Twelve thousand farmers have committed suicide. The hasty implementation of GST has affected traders and small businessmen badly. Modi has not said a single word on the issue and is instead making false promises before the elections.” The Trinamool Youth Congress president said BJP workers and leaders can only be seen before the elections, whereas Trinamool workers and leaders stay beside people throughout the year. “People know that Trinamool leaders and workers will always stand beside them during distress. BJP leaders are like seasonal birds, they go when the season is over,” he said. Banerjee said Trinamool candidate Arpita Ghosh, who is the sitting MP from Balurghat, will win the election by 2 lakh votes. “I can feel the pulse of the people and can assure you that Ghosh will win by 2 lakh votes,” he said, requesting voters to go to the polling stations early in the day to exercise their franchise. Balurghat will go to polls on April 23.last_img read more

Communal politics takes centrestage in WB as TMC BJP fight for supremacy

first_imgKolkata: West Bengal, where the electoral discourse has largely steered clear of communal politics, has been drawn into the vortex with the TMC and the BJP accusing each other of resorting to polarisation to get a larger share of the pie in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. A minor player in the state till a few years ago, the BJP is emerging as the new opposition, pushing the once formidable Left and the Congress to the fringes. The saffron party holds only one assembly seat and two of the 42 Lok Sabha seats in West Bengal, where ideology and people’s problems have traditionally been the poll planks, but hopes to better its tally this time. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata BJP president Amit Shah has set a target of 23 seats for the party in the state where the Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress (TMC) has held power since 2011. Admitting that religion and caste have pervaded West Bengal politics, veteran TMC leader and state Panchayat Minister Subrata Mukherjee held the BJP responsible for the import and asserted that his party is only countering the former’s narrative. BJP state president Dilip Ghosh denied the charges and in turn blamed the TMC’s alleged appeasement politics for communal tensions in the state. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state Both the TMC and the BJP are working hard to woo the Matuas, a Scheduled Caste community, mostly comprising backward class Hindus who migrated from Bangladesh. The community has a significant presence in seats in North 24 Parganas and Nadia districts of south Bengal. Matua votes also hold key in the neighbouring Ranaghat and Barrackpore constituencies. In February, Prime Minister Narendra Modi held an election meeting in Thakurnagar in North 24 Parganas and met Matua community matriarch Binapani Devi, fondly known as ‘Boro Maa’. Following Binapani Devi’s death in March, the family has been divided over its political leanings. Mamata Bala Thakur, widow of Binapani Devi’s elder son Kapil Krishna Thakur is a TMC MP and has been re-nominated by the party from Bongaon seat. The BJP has Shantanu, the son of the Matua community matriarch’s younger son Manjul Krishna, from the constituency. Mukherjee said he has not seen religion-based polarisation in West Bengal politics before. “Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Advani also used to talk about religion, but never in this manner. They never said Muslims will be thrown out of the country,” the TMC leader told PTI. Referring to illegal immigrants in the country, Shah said at a rally in Raiganj last week that after his party returns to power, it will send back every single “infiltrator”, except Buddhists, Sikhs and Hindus. “In West Bengal, no political party indulged in religion-based propaganda. But now, since the main opposition party is doing it, we have to counter it to make people understand their game,” said Mukherjee, who is contesting from the Bankura Lok Sabha constituency. Banerjee, who is also the chief minister of West Bengal, has been spearheading her party’s efforts to check the BJP’s aggressive campaigning. She has repeatedly underscored her Hindu credentials, while asserting that she stands for peaceful co-existence of people of all religions in the state. Popularly known as ‘Didi’ (elder sister), Banerjee, at an election rally on Tuesday, said she was ready to risk her life but would not allow politics of division. “They (BJP) claim to be the champions of Hinduism, are we not Hindus?” she asked. Banerjee, who is a Brahmin, said she chants Chandi mantra every morning. The firebrand TMC chief said her parents had taught her to respect all religions and to treat them equally. “The BJP is imposing on us a religion which has no relation to Hinduism or our country; we believe in togetherness of different faiths and languages,” Banerjee said. Ghosh dismissed the chief minister’s accusations that the BJP is trying to create communal tension in West Bengal. “She is saying all this out of the fear of losing the elections,” Ghosh told PTI. “We are only saying that illegal immigrants from Bangladesh will be sent back. Those without valid documents cannot enjoy the rights of the citizens of our country,” he said. Religious minorities from the neighbouring country, who have come to India, will be given shelter as per international convention, he added. The BJP leader said West Bengal — where Muslims constitute 30 per cent of the total population — had witnessed a number of communal clashes, including those in Raniganj and Dhulagarh. “Has there been any such communal clash in the other parts of the country?” Ghosh asked. He alleged that the TMC’s appeasement politics has led to creation of communal tension in West Bengal.last_img read more

KVICs initiative to promote pottery industry

first_imgFor the villagers of many sleepy hamlets of Uttar Pradesh, it was a festival on Wednesday at this tinsel village of Shamli district.Under its ambitious ‘Kumhaar Sashaktikaran Yojana’ and ‘Honey Mission’ projects, the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) distributed 60 electric potter wheels and 1,000 bee-boxes among the villagers of Hathras, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Meerut, Bagpat, Amroha, Ghaziabad, Saharanpur and Shamli districts at Choudhary Charan Singh Multi-disciplinary Training Centre (MTDC) here. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfKVIC Chairman Vinai Kumar Saxena, who was the chief guest of this function, said that these electric potter wheels are the booster of strength to the potters. “It will not only reduce their labour but with these electric potter wheels – they will make the best quality of utensils and terracotta in minimum time,” he said, adding, “In consonance with the changed demand from the perspective customers with support of technological back up by providing the modernised machines / tools and equipments to the existing potters, we have taken initiatives to promote the pottery industry. After proper training under skill upgradation programme by the KVIC, these new design intervention and supply of modernised machines, tools and equipment in pottery making will enable to bring out the new terra-cotta products in the market by the potters, who are so far making pottery through hand driven traditional methods – incidentally high-labour intensive and less cost-effective.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSaxena further said that it would not only give direct employment to 90 people and indirect employment to 15 people but also enhance per day income of a potter from Rs 100 to at least Rs 400. In the programme, the KVIC Chairman gave one electric potter wheels, one set of a pug mill, one set of blunger and one set of gas fired kiln to each group of 10 potters in altogether 60 beneficiaries. While the electric potter wheel on which the potter can work 12 to 16 hours a day – is useful for bringing the new designs and reducing the drudgery having variable RPM of 0 to 180, the blunger can process 400 to 500 kilograms of raw clay in mere 8 hours. Similarly, while the pugmill is used for pugging and homogenous clay mixing and would process 500-800 kilograms clay per hour, the all-weather and less pollutant gas kiln is useful for baking the green articles of 50 to 60 kilograms per day with temperature up to 1100 degree centigrade. Following the clarion call given by the Prime Minister, who has always laid stress on the need of ‘Sweet Kranti’ on the lines of ‘Shwet Kranti’, KVIC Chairman also distributed 1,000 bee-boxes among 100 scheduled caste farmers of Shamli and neighbouring districts, identified by the KVIC. “It will not only ensure an additional annual income of to the farmers’ families but would also increase the yield of their crops due to the cross-pollination,” he said, adding, “KVIC has planned to adopt two-three villages in each district of India as ‘Honey Villages’.” Later, the KVIC Chairman also planted more than 500 saplings of medicinal plants of Moringa and Tulsi. Among others, who attended this function were Satya Narayana, Deputy CEO (North Zone) and Madhusudan Chouhan, Principal MTDC.last_img read more

Biman Banerjee calls for meeting to iron out MLALAD expenditure issue

first_imgKolkata: Speaker Biman Banerjee on Monday asked Tapas Roy, who holds the independent charge of Planning, Statistics and Programme Monitoring department, to convene a meeting of the standing committee of MLAs to take up the issue of spending MLALAD funds.A number of MLAs in the state Assembly raised issues over less spending of MLALAD funds by some municipalities or utilising the same in schemes other than what it is allocated for. The matter was raised by Left Front MLA of North Dum Dum Tanmoy Bhattacharya, who questioned Roy about the inability in spending MLALAD funds, popularly known as BUP funds, on the part of North Dum Dum and New Barrackpore municipalities. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe North Dum Dum municipality has spent Rs 23 lakh, while New Barrackpore has failed to spend any amount. “There is a fixed guideline for spending funds under BUP scheme and there should be public display in the form of signboards mentioning the funds spent under the scheme. If it is found that proper procedure has not been followed in this regard, it is not desirable,” Roy said. He asserted that this fund is a right of the MLAs. “My department will again pass over direction to the District Magistrates to ensure that signboards are put up displaying expenditure of BUP funds,” he added. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThis fund is allocated by the state government on the recommendation of the respective MLAs for development work in the area and is spent through the municipalities. Leader of Opposition Abdul Mannan mentioned that his MLALAD funds have been spent by Champdani and Baidyabati municipalities in Hooghly in some other projects against his recommendation. “Often we are completely in the dark about how the municipalities spend these funds,” Mannan added. The Speaker said that the issue has been raised by a number of MLAs and asked Roy to organise a standing committee meeting of MLAs to solve the same.last_img read more